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Knowledge  |  12/16/2019  |  Srin Subra & Nate Saperia

Technology Helps Year-End
Budget Processes

Technology Helps Year-End Budget Processes

By, Srin Subra, Managing Director & Nate Saperia, Vice President, Accordion

This article was published in CFO in December 2019.

Tis’ the season of merriment. Tis’ the season to take inventory and make resolutions. Tis’ the season to G.I.V.E. (more on that later) and receive – particularly for CFOs. Allow us to explain:

To most folks, December marks the arrival of holiday season. To CFOs, it marks the final chapter of the budgeting season: an annual (exhausting) exercise that creates the foundational elements for the critical (and more ongoing) forecasting and planning activities to occur in the coming fiscal year and at next quarter’s end.

Like Santa’s cookies or Tevye’s song, the annual budgeting/planning/forecasting process is “tradition.” It’s tradition for companies to create a forward-looking budget, which sets detailed targets for the year ahead.

It’s tradition (or at least best practice) for companies to then create quarterly re-forecasts based on actual results. These re-forecasts not only capture material deviations from the budgeting exercise, they arm management (and, in a private equity context, sponsors) with timely information to evaluate root causes and course correct accordingly.

The budgeting and forecasting exercises are not just traditions – they are critical tools. The more accurate and efficient they are, the better they drive strategic decision-making across the organization, the better they inform ongoing performance management, and the better they serve as force multipliers for enhanced organizational operations. (These tools are critical in every corporate environment, but are particularly so in a PE-backed one, where CFOs live and die by the accuracy of information and reporting).

The problem is, in many companies, these traditions are just too darn traditional, eschewing the technological enhancements that can feed better budgeting information and deliver better forecasting insights. If data talks, Finance hasn’t been listening…resulting in budgets and forecasts that remain plagued by the same-old deficiencies.

But, they needn’t be. Tis’ the season of gifting, after all. CFOs might not know it (in fact, we’d argue they most certainly don’t – at least not widely) but atop their annual wish list should be one thing: Business Intelligence (BI) solutions. By understanding and acknowledging that technology can enhance tradition, CFOs can leverage BI tools in their forecasting and planning exercises to address the “G.I.V.E.-ing” deficiencies of more manual or Excel-centric processes: Granularity, Inaccuracy, Variances, and Efficiencies.

    1. Granularity: The wrong level of forecasting granularity creates opacity. If, for example, you only forecast at a regional level, how can you dig into per store or product level performance? Here, Excel is the problem and BI is the solution. BI tools can be used to create forecasting formulas that consider a wider universe of business drivers, such as working days, weather, product promotions, etc. These logic-driven formulas enable CFOs to identify the cause (customers, products, locations etc.) of unanticipated variances or changes within the business. And, unlike Excel, BI tools can ingest a vast amount of transactional data, and quickly deliver granular forecasts that can be rolled-up to broader overviews that better inform in-real-time course correction.
    2. Inaccuracies: Traditional processes often create poor forecasting accuracy. Full stop.
      There’s no silver bullet for inaccuracy, particularly when the reasons for variances change over time (evolving consumer tastes, technological changes, etc.). But, driver based forecasting and back-testing can create an ongoing process to improve forecasting.BI (alone) enables this virtuous cycle. BI allows CFOs to back-test forecasting logic against actual data and further allows them to modify deviation bands to refine that logic over time. Finance can also vary back-testing logic against different time horizons and different drivers to understand what causes the most meaningful impact on company performance. Indeed, BI allows Finance to leverage traditional driver-based forecasts or complex machine learning algorithms, or both. In either case, BI provides CFOs with the dynamic tools to continuously challenge and constantly improve forecasting accuracy.
    3. Variances: Forecasting accuracy (or inaccuracy, as it were) has several downstream implications: a lack of confidence in forecasted numbers and broader opacity into business realities hampers business planning and investment decisions. And while you can work to improve forecasting accuracy via a virtuous cycle of back-testing, you can never comprehensively address inaccuracy unless you identify the root cause of variances.Surprise, surprise – BI can help here as well.CFOs can use BI to build an archive tool that tracks multiple forecasts and compares them to actual results as numbers come in. This archival tool helps pinpoint the areas repeatedly driving variances versus forecasts. But, it’s not just a data tool; it can also drive behavioral change by tangibly demonstrating to accountable managers how their decisions (and potential forecasting biases) are impacting the firm from a variance perspective. What’s more, these BI tools are easily disseminated across the organization (with appropriate system/data access controls), empowering those closest to business operations to discover their own insights.
    4. Efficiency: Traditional budgeting and forecasting processes can be laboriously inefficient, involving a significant amount of CTRL-C/V tasks. There’s the copy/paste work of compiling budget G&A, headcount and revenue templates from various departments, which, at many companies, can run into the dozens and hundreds (and the subsequent work of monitoring and flagging the inevitable changes managers make over the course of the budgeting process). And, there’s the inefficiency around actualizing forecasts: as the year progresses, forecasts are replaced with actuals via manual cut and paste exercises, with forecast formulas then manually adjusted accordingly.With BI, these inefficient processes can be automated, enabling FP&A to move away from the busy work of compiling data and crunching numbers, and move toward true business partnering, with a focus on delivering big picture insights that inform strategy.

Can you also perform some of the above in conjunction with your ERP/CPM tool? Probably. But, unlike layering on a BI tool, the time and cost to implement these capabilities with entrenched systems can be daunting and can easily spiral into yet another transformational initiative which requires significant IT involvement.

So…Tis’ the season. Tis’ the season for CFOs in the budgeting weeds to think about layering in a BI element to improve forecasting in the coming year.

Tis’ the season to G.I.V.E.: Using BI to address the granularity, inaccuracy, variance, and efficiency issues that have long plagued traditional forecasting.

Tis’ the season to receive: Leveraging new BI-enhanced forecasts to retrieve data that can be turned into information, which can then be turned into actionable insights.

Tis’ the season for CFOs to understand that BI-enhanced budgeting and forecasting is the gift that keeps on giving.


Technology Helps Year-End Budget Processes - CFO

Many annual budgeting and forecasting practices remain plagued by the same-old deficiencies.

About the Authors

Srin Subra
Srin Subra
Managing Director

Srin Subra is a Managing Director with multi-functional experience across private equity and corporate finance in the Technology, Business Services, Consumer, and Financial Services sectors.  Read more

Nate Saperia
Nate Saperia
Vice President

Nate Saperia is a Vice President with over a decade of experience spanning a variety of sectors including Quick Service Restaurants (QSR), Financial Services, Energy, and Industrials.   Read more